Spurious PIV vector correction using Linear Stochastic Estimation

2019-07-22T11:13:17Z (GMT) by Daniel S.A. Butcher Adrian Spencer
Techniques for the experimental determination of velocity fields such as particle image velocimetry (PIV) can often be hampered by spurious vectors or sparse regions of measurement which may occur due to a number of reasons. Commonly used methods for detecting and replacing erroneous values are often based on statistical measures of the surrounding vectors and may be influenced by further poor data quality in the region. A new method is presented in this paper using Linear Stochastic Estimation for vector replacement (LSEVR) which allows for increased flexibility in situations with regions of spurious vectors. LSEVR is applied to PIV dataset to demonstrate and assess its performance relative to commonly used bilinear and bicubic interpolation methods. For replacement of a single vector, all methods performed well, with LSEVR having an average error of 11% in comparison to 14% and 18% for bilinear and bicubic interpolation respectively. A more significant difference was found in replacement of clusters of vectors which showed average vector angle errors of 10°, 9° and 6° for bilinear, bicubic and LSEVR respectively. Error in magnitude was 3% for both interpolation techniques and 1% for LSEVR showing a clear benefit to using LSEVR for conditions that require multiple clustered vectors to be replaced.