Strategies for the replacement of chromic acid anodising for the structural bonding of aluminium alloys

The 40/50V Bengough-Stuart chromic acid anodise process is widely used in demanding applications as a prebond treatment. This process has a number of disadvantages and its replacement is the subject of much interest in the aerospace, automotive and defence sectors, amongst others. This paper details a number of modifications to the standard boric-sulphuric acid anodising (BSAA) process specifically to achieve satisfactory structural bond performance. These included: variations in the deoxidiser and anodising parameters, and; the use of a post anodising dip. It has been demonstrated in these studies that there are three possible methods of providing excellent durability using a variation of the standard BSAA process: the use of an electrolytic phosphoric acid deoxidiser (EPAD); a high temperature anodise at 35°C, and; the use of a post anodise phosphoric acid dip (PAD).