Study of water supply for Elobeid, Sudan

2018-08-14T14:17:47Z (GMT) by Sharaf E.I. Bannaga
A study of water supply was carried out at Elobeid to evaluate the effect of any deficiencies and the need for improved services in relation to economic, social and environmental conditions. World-wide investigations correlating water supply with health and economic development were reviewed. Data were obtained from 235 households, representative of the total population, regarding water use, health, living conditions etc. Information about water resources was obtained from governmental departments. The data were analysed with the aid of a computer. Typical to other towns in Sudan, Elobeid is characterized by distinct social classes. Water supply appears to be seriously deficient in quantity, quality and reliability. Households using insufficient volumes of water have above 25 days illness per person per year due to water-related diseases, and especially water-washed diseases; child mortality rises to over 60%. A model was constructed to relate the incidence of disease and water consumption. [Continues.]