The communication and information-seeking and -use habits of scientists and engineers in international organizations based in Europe and in European national aerospace research establishments
2017-10-10T13:43:03Z (GMT) by
General communication concepts are first discussed together with models of the communication process, the functions of communication and barriers to interaction. The characteristics of organizations are then described and the role of communication in organizations is examined in relation to the main theories of organizational management. The flow of communication through networks within organizations is also noted. The members of these organizations and networks are often scientists and engineers and the characteristics of and differences between these two groups are considered. In addition, their information seeking habits and their use of information sources are discussed in general terms, together with their formal and informal communication patterns. An in-depth description is then given of the methodology used in a survey by questionnaire of scientists and engineers in six organizations of two particular types: international organizations and national aerospace research organizations. The detailed results of the analyses of responses are presented in terms of the information seeking and use habits and the communication habits of scientists and engineers within these organizations. Based on the results of the survey, suggestions for improving information transfer and communication flow within organizations are made.