The contingent roles of R&D–sales versus R&D–marketing cooperation in new-product development of business-to-business firms

© 2016 Elsevier B.V. This investigation explores the effectiveness of R & D–marketing cooperation as compared to R & D–sales cooperation for new-product development under different market and organizational circumstances in business-to-business settings. Using a cross-industry dyadic data set of 230 industrial firms, we show that the effects of R & D–marketing and R & D–sales cooperation on new-product advantage vary significantly, depending on the velocity of the market environment, company strategy, and R & D characteristics. Specifically, R & D–marketing cooperation exhibits a stronger association with new-product advantage if firms follow a cost leadership strategy, if R & D holds high power levels regarding new-product decisions, and if R & D collectivism is strongly pronounced. Conversely, R & D–sales cooperation exhibits a stronger effect on new-product advantage if technological turbulence is pronounced in the market, if the firm follows a differentiation strategy, and if R & D is influential in firm-wide budgeting decisions. These results may help firms decide which R & D cooperation type might be encouraged to maximize innovation success in a given situation.