The energy absorbed in the human head due to ring-type jewelry and face-illuminating mobile phones using a dipole and a realistic source

The effect of facial ring jewelry is investigated on the energy absorbed in the head when illuminated by communicationsenabled personal data assistant (PDA)-type devices. We study the relative changes in specific absorption rates in the head due to perturbing metallic rings in proximity to the face illuminated by a 1.8 GHz dipole and a monopole on a conducting box. Simple and complex head models used in a validated finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulation are compared with measurements from an industry standard DASY4 SAR measurement system. Both simulation and measurement are referred to the IEEE specific anthropomorphic mannequin head. Results show that metallic rings may alter specific absorption rates (SAR) level distributions within the head. Results are given for several common ring sizes.