The use of a reconstructed three-dimensional solid model from CT to aid the surgical management of a total knee arthroplasty: a case study

The use of a rapid prototyping method was utilised to produce a pre-operative solid model of the proximal tibia in a patient with a massive defect of the medial tibial plateau. The solid model was reconstructed from aligned sequential CT images of the knee. This was then used to determine the level of bone resection of the proximal tibia for the optimum placement of the tibial component of a total knee replacement. This technique gives the surgeon both the three-dimensional anatomical information needed to ascertain whether there is adequate bony support after cutting for the prosthesis, as well as a solid model on which to carry out the proposed surgery, before undertaking the procedure on the patient.