Three-dimensional computational modelling of a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell

2018-11-14T15:17:06Z (GMT) by Kah-Wai Lum
The replacement of internal combustion engines used for transportation by polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) is one goal of the future since they are clean, quiet, energy efficient and capable of quick start-up. At present, fuel cells are receiving much attention at both fundamental research, and technology development levels, but cost is the main factor that hinders the commercialisation of PEMFCs. In order to reduce cost, a better, fundamental description of fuel cell operation than is presently available is required. The operation of PEMFCs simultaneously involves electrochemical reactions, current distribution, fluid mechanics, multicomponent multiphase mixtures, and heat transfer processes. It is important to have a comprehensive mathematical model to provide improved understanding of the interactions between various electrochemical and transport phenomena in PEMFCs in order to aid in the design and optimisation of fuel cells. This thesis describes research at developing such a comprehensive model. [Continues.]