Total synthesis of the tetrasubstituted furan fatty acid metabolite CeDFP via Au-catalyzed intermolecular alkyne hydroarylation

The first total synthesis of the tetrasubstituted furan fatty acid (FFA) metabolite 5-[(1 E)-2-carboxyethenyl]-3,4-dimethyl-2-furanpentanoic acid (CeDFP) is reported. CeDFP is a FFA metabolite isolated from shark livers and is related to the known FFA metabolites CMPF and CMPentylF. Key elements of the synthetic route to CeDFP include an iodine-promoted 5- endo- dig cyclization of a 1,2-alkyne diol, a methyllithium-mediated insertion of the C3-methyl group, and a Au(I)-catalyzed intermolecular hydroarylation to introduce the unsaturated ester.

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