Use of the compulsive exercise test with athletes : norms and links with eating psychopathology

This study assessed the 5 factor structure of the Compulsive Exercise Test and explored the relationship between compulsive exercise and eating psychopathology in athletes. Confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses of the Compulsive Exercise Test were conducted with 689 competitive athletes (aged 18 to 35 years). Convergent validity with the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire was explored. The 5 factor structure showed a poor fit; an alternative 3 factor structure is proposed. Exercising for weight control and to avoid a negative mood were strongly associated with eating psychopathology. Implications for using the Compulsive Exercise Test with athletes are discussed.