Using business impact analyses to enhance resilient fire engineering building design

As an engineering discipline within the United Kingdom, fire engineering is relatively young. It has been accepted as an alternative to traditional prescriptive means of meeting the functional requirements of the building regulations since the publication of the 1985 edition of Approved Document B. Performance-based fire engineering design methods have facilitated architectural design freedoms and supported creative construction. However, it has become evident that since fire engineering has become more established, significant concerns have been raised regarding various elements of the design process including the ability to consider aspects other than life safety. In response to these concerns, this article introduces novel application of concepts to assist the building design team to consider their client’s resilience requirements. This is by utilising business continuity planning methods, specifically business impact analyses within the fire engineering qualitative design review. By using these concepts in this new way, the architectural design team will be able to identify those processes which are of greatest importance to their client’s organisation, allowing the most appropriate fire engineering strategy to be established.