Visual interactions with strategy tools: producing strategic knowledge in workshops

How do managers visually interact with strategy tools during workshops to produce knowledge about strategic issues? Building on the strategy-as-practice perspective and visual organization studies, we conceptualise workshops as arenas where visual interaction with strategy tools take place. Following this approach, we examine how a top management team creates a strategy tool during a workshop (using primarily video data). Our findings reveal three distinctive patterns of visual interactions: shift, inertia, and assembly. We also show how each of these patterns is enabled by the affordances of the tool used. Our findings contribute to theoretical elaborations of how actors visually interact with strategy tools, which offer extensions to strategy-as-practice and visual organization literatures.