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Out in the cold: emergency water supply and sanitation for cold regions [3rd ed.]

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posted on 09.07.2013, 11:29 authored by Mark Buttle, Michael Smith
In the 1990s events in Bosnia, the former Soviet Union countries, Afghanistan and Northern Iraq showed that humanitarian disasters are not limited to the South, Africa, or the tropics, but may strike anywhere in the world. Relief workers have had to be ever more adaptable in order to provide life-saving water supplies and sanitation facilities in areas where freezing conditions occur. This second edition of Out in the Cold includes new material gathered from humanitarian workers returning from the Kosovo crisis and has been revised on the basis of comments made about the first edition. The book has been designed for all humanitarian workers, especially managers, engineers and logisticians working in ex-Soviet states, China, Eastern Europe or any other country in cool temperate or cold regions. It provides specific supplementary information that can be used together with information given in more general emergency manuals, details of which are given inside. Techniques are described simply, although engineering design recommendations are also included.


Department for International Development (DFID), UK



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Research Unit

  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)


BUTTLE, M. and SMITH, M.D., 2004. Out in the cold: emergency water supply and sanitation for cold regions [3rd ed.]. Loughborough: WEDC, Loughborough University.


© WEDC, Loughborough University


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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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This book was published by the Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC) at Loughborough University: http://wedc.lboro.ac.uk/. The first edition was printed in 1999.



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