EPRS_STU(2016)563501.pdf (2.25 MB)
CPS for community security and safety
chapterposted on 2016-07-14, 13:19 authored by Michael HenshawMichael Henshaw, Joost van Barneveld
Cyber - physical systems (CPS) are intelligent robotics systems, linked with the Internet of Things, or technical systems of networked computers, robots and artificial intelligence that interact with the physical world. The project ' Ethical aspects of CPS ' aims to provide insights into the potential ethical concerns and related unintended impacts of the possible evolution of CPS technology by 2050. The overarching purpose is to support the European Parliament, the parliamentary bodies, and the individual Members in their anticipation of possible future concerns regarding developments in CPS, robotics and artificial intelligence. The Scientific Foresight study was conducted in three phases: 1. A 'technical horizon scan', in the form of briefing papers describing the technical trends and their possible societal, ethical, economic, environmental, political/legal and demographic impacts, and this in seven application domains. 2. The 'soft impact and scenario phase', which analysed soft impacts of CPS, on the basis of the technical horizon scan, for pointing out possible future public concerns via an envisioning exercise and using exploratory scenarios. 3. The 'legal backcasting' phase, which resulted in a briefing for the European Parliament identifying the legal instruments that may need to be modified or reviewed, including — where appropriate — areas identified for anticipatory parliamentary work, in accordance with the conclusions reached within the project. The outcome of the study is a policy briefing for MEPs describing legal instruments to anticipate impacts of future developments in the area of cyber - physical systems, such as intelligent robotics systems, linked with the Internet of Things. It is important to note that not all impacts of CPS are easily translated into legislation, as it is often contested whether they are in effect harmful, who is to be held accountable, and to what extent these impacts constitute a public rather than a private concern.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering
Published inEthical Aspects of Cyber-Physical Systems
Pages64 - 74 (10)
CitationHENSHAW, M. and VAN BARNEVELD, J., 2016. CPS for community security and safety. In: Van Woensel, L., Kurrer, C. and Kritkos, M. (eds.) Ethical Aspects of Cyber-Physical Systems. Brussels: European Parliamentary Research Services STOA, pp. 64 - 74.
Publisher© European Parliament
- VoR (Version of Record)
Publisher statementThis work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
NotesThis is a chapter from the study, Ethical Aspects of Cyber-Physical Systems.