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Optimal technique, variability and control in gymnastics

posted on 23.03.2016, 11:45 by Michael Hiley, Fred Yeadon
Optimisation is often used in an attempt to explain technique adopted in skilled sport performance. This might take the form of minimising joint torques in an expectation that the optimum simulated technique will resemble the actual performance. If a suitable optimisation criterion can be identified then this may give some insight into the adopted technique. In all human movement there is inherent variation so that notwo performances are exactly the same. As a consequence skilled technique needs to be successful in a noisy environment and so optimised technique also needs to be robust to the inherent variation in coordination. In movements in which there is sufficient time for feedback control to operate it is to be expected that there will be greater variation in technique in those phases that adjustments are made. It is also to be expected that there will be little variation in technique for those phases where accurate coordination is crucial to the success of the movement. The aspect that often governs elite technique is that of achieving consistent success rather than some biomechanical measure of movement.



  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Sports Performance


293 - 304


HILEY, M. and YEADON, M.R., 2015. Optimal technique, variability and control in gymnastics. IN: Kanosue, K., Nagami, T. and Tsuchiya, J. (eds.) Sports Performance, Part III, pp. 293 - 304


© Springer Japan


AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at:

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Closed access. This is a chapter from the book, Sports Performance.






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