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The networked city

posted on 2014-09-12, 13:31 authored by Raf Verbruggen, Michael HoylerMichael Hoyler, Peter J. Taylor
After the demise of the western Roman Empire in the 5th century, urban growth came to a standstill in most parts of western Europe. Only in the course of the 11th century did a new phase of urbanization begin. Although improvements in agriculture played a significant part in this urban renewal, it was primarily the revival of trade – especially with the more developed and urbanized economies of the Near East in the wake of the crusades – that caused cities to spring up again in many parts of Europe. The development of strong trade links between the cities of Latin Christian Europe (which were further intensified as a consequence of the commercial revolution of the 13th century) warrants the introduction of a specific typology to describe the late medieval and 16th-century European city: the networked city.



  • Social Sciences


  • Geography and Environment

Published in

Atlas of Cities


34 - 51


VERBRUGGEN, R., HOYLER, M. and TAYLOR, P.J., 2014. The networked city. IN: Knox, P. (ed.) Atlas of Cities. Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 34 - 51.


Princeton University Press © Ivy Press Limited


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Closed access. This is a chapter from the book, Atlas of Cities [Princeton University Press © Ivy Press Limited]. The publisher's website is at: http://press.princeton.edu/ Note that the repository version of the chapter contains the text but not the maps.




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