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Towards community energy resilience

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posted on 09.01.2020, 09:13 authored by Long Seng ToLong Seng To, Niraj Subedi
Developing countries face multiple stresses and shocks that cause significant disruption to critical infrastructures including energy. Climate change is acting as a threat multiplier and countries need to make long-term adaption plans and cope with higher levels of uncertainty. Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals cannot be maintained without developing societies and economies building more resilience into their infrastructural backbone, including in the energy sector. But what does it mean to incorporate greater resilience into a community, and how can resilience be encouraged and developed, in particular at the community level?

This chapter explores the responses of communities to these challenges and develops the concept of community energy resilience. Firstly, we examine definitions of resilience and community resilience and how they relate to energy services. Secondly, we discuss energy resilience in the broader context of the community and the research needs identified during a series of workshops with experts from energy access and disaster risk reduction. Thirdly, we take a deep dive into the case study of Nepal after the major earthquake in 2015, an event that displaced 2.6 million people. Lastly, we will reflect on the concept of community energy resilience in relation to forced migration and avenues for further research.


The workshops described were part of the ‘Research collaborations for community energy resilience in low-income countries’ project, a collaboration between the Energy and Economic Growth Applied Research Programme and the UK Low Carbon Energy for Development Network, with funding from the UK Energy Research Centre Whole Systems Networking Fund.



  • Social Sciences


  • Geography and Environment

Published in

Energy Access and Forced Migration


83 - 93




AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© The Authors

Publisher statement

This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge in Energy Access and Forced Migration on 16 December 2019, available online:

Publication date


Copyright date



9781138543386; 9781351006941

Book series

Routledge Studies in Energy Transitions




Owen Grafham


Dr Long Seng To. Deposit date: 7 January 2020

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