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When does immigration shape support for a universal basic income? The role of education and employment status

posted on 25.11.2021, 11:54 by Anthony KevinsAnthony Kevins
Does immigration naturally undermine public support for the welfare state? To what extent – and under what circumstances – should we expect to see such an effect? This chapter explores these questions by studying attitudes toward a Universal Basic Income (UBI), examining the interactive effects of education, employment status, and the size of the immigrant population. It begins by laying out why the impact of immigration on social policy preferences is likely to vary not only across countries and individuals, but also based on welfare program type. It then presents the results of an empirical investigation using 2016
European Social Survey data from 21 countries. Findings suggest that the (negative) immigration effect is concentrated among the less educated, though the scope of this concentration varies by employment status. Results thus suggest that larger immigrant
populations may weaken support for a UBI, but only among a relatively small, lower-educated subset of the population.



  • Social Sciences and Humanities


  • International Relations, Politics and History

Published in

Handbook on Migration and Welfare


137 - 155


Edward Elgar Publishing


SMUR (Submitted Manuscript Under Review)

Publisher statement

This is a draft chapter. The final version is available in Handbook on Migration and Welfare edited by Markus M.L. Crepaz, published in 2022, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd The material cannot be used for any other purpose without further permission of the publisher, and is for private use only.



Book series

Elgar Handbooks in Migration




Markus M.L. Crepaz


Dr Anthony Kevins. Deposit date: 24 November 2021