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Effect of eliminating open defecation on diarrhoeal morbidity: an ecological study of Namable sub-county, Kenya

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conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018 by John Njuguna
Kenya launched a program to eradicate open defecation (OD) in rural areas by 2013 using the community led total sanitation (CLTS) methodology. By 2014, only two out of 265 sub-Counties had been declared open defecation free (ODF). Nambale sub-County was the first to be declared ODF in 2012. This study looked at the impact of eliminating OD on diarrhoea morbidity among children less than 5 years of age. Mean monthly diarrhoea cases declined from 208 a year before elimination of OD, to 149 a year after elimination of OD, and 92 two years after elimination of OD. This is a reduction of 28.4% after first year and 38.3% after second year of becoming OD. Number of diarrhoeal cases reduced significantly after eliminating OD (t (3.2) = 14.1 sig 0.006 95% CI (30-148). This study recommends that the remaining sub-Counties strive to attain and sustain ODF status.
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  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Research Unit

  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

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WEDC Conference

Citation

NJUGUNA, J., 2015. Effect of eliminating open defecation on diarrhoeal morbidity: an ecological study of Namable sub-county, Kenya. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Water, sanitation and hygiene services beyond 2015 - Improving access and sustainability: Proceedings of the 38th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK, 27-31 July 2015, 4pp.

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© WEDC, Loughborough University

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VoR (Version of Record)

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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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2015

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This is a conference paper.

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WEDC_ID:22220

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en

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