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The effect of coarse crushed concrete aggregate on the durability of structural concrete

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conference contribution
posted on 07.03.2017 by Wayne Dodds, Chris Goodier, Simon Austin, Christian Christodoulou, D. Dunne, E. Wingrove
The use of crushed concrete aggregates (CCA) (formerly referred to as recycled concrete aggregate (RCA)) is increasing, particularly for low-grade applications, where quality is of less importance. In higher value applications, such as structural concrete, further research has been required to understand the effect of coarse CCAs on the mechanical properties and durability performance. This research investigated the effect of coarse CCA in CEM I and CEM III/A structural concretes. The resistance to water and chloride ion ingress in terms of surface resistivity, sorptivity and rapid chloride migration were evaluated in this study, together with compressive strength to determine compliance with characteristic and target mean strengths. From this limited study - which forms part of a wider research project - results indicate that a higher proportion of CCA is detrimental to the resistance to water and chloride ion ingress, possibly due to the higher water absorption characteristics of the aggregates as suggested in literature. The incorporation of GGBS however, significantly improves the durability performance, possibly due to the reduced porosity of the cement matrix, improved quality of the interfacial transition zone (ITZ) between the recycled aggregates and cement matrix and an increased chloride binding effect. From the results it is recommended that a structural CEM III/A concrete incorporating coarse CCA up to 60% may be a viable option for future sustainable construction projects.

Funding

This research was funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), Loughborough University’s Centre for Innovative and Collaborative Construction Engineering (CICE) and AECOM.

History

School

  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Published in

1st International Conference on Construction Materials for Sustainable Future (CoMS 2017)

Citation

DODDS, W. ...et al., 2017. The effect of coarse crushed concrete aggregate on the durability of structural concrete. Presented at the 1st International Conference on Construction Materials for Sustainable Future (CoMS 2017), Zadar, Croatia, 19-21st April.

Publisher

© The Authors

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 International (CC BY 3.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Acceptance date

13/02/2017

Publication date

2017

Notes

This is a conference paper. This is an Open Access Article. It is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 International License (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Language

en

Location

Zadar

Licence

Exports