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The effect of manufacturing tolerances on the performance of gas turbine air system metering holes with chamfered inlets

conference contribution
posted on 19.07.2018, 13:38 by Polina Chernukha, Adrian Spencer, James Colwill
The current study represents an experimental and steadystate computational analysis of the mass flow through a single metering orifice with uniform and non-uniform chamfers. Chamfered holes have been used extensively in air-systems for the ease of production and their (relatively high) discharge coefficient is insensitive to typical chamfer depth tolerances. This work extends the understanding of chamfer tolerances by investigating non-uniform chamfers due to angular misalignment of the chamfer tool relative to the hole. The range of the deviation angles between the axis of the tool and the axis of the metering orifice was 0-12 degrees. The tests were performed in the pressure ratio range of 1.1…1.48, representing the range between idle and take-off operation points. A 3D CFD analysis of the tests using the Shear-Stress Transport (SST) k–ω model to simulate the mean flow field inside the metering orifice has also been completed. The results showed that at large pressure ratios, representative of the take-off operation point, the metering orifice with non-uniform chamfers showed reduction in mass flow delivery as high as 4%. A threshold in metering holes performance was detected for the tool inclination of 9.50 . At low pressure ratios, for conditions typically representative of idle operation point, a small deviation angle causes mass flow increase across the orifice.

History

School

  • Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering

Department

  • Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering

Published in

ASME Turbo Expo

Citation

CHERNUKHA, P., SPENCER, A. and COLWILL, J., 2018. The effect of manufacturing tolerances on the performance of gas turbine air system metering holes with chamfered inlets. Presented at the ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, Oslo, Norway, 11-15 June 2018, Vol. 5B: Heat Transfer, Paper No. GT2018-76875.

Publisher

© ASME

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2018

Notes

This paper is closed access.

ISBN

9780791851098

Book series

ASME paper;GT2018-76875

Language

en

Location

Oslo, Norway

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