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40,000 eco-toilets in Ethiopia in 4 years: what makes it work?

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conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018, 15:09 authored by Mayling Simpson-Hebert, Bekele Abaire
Between 2005 and 2008, Catholic Relief Services in Ethiopia facilitated the construction of 40,000 ecological toilets (the Arborloo design) in impoverished rural areas of Ethiopia where coverage had been less than 1%. In many communities coverage reached 100% within a few weeks or months. The keys to success were very low cost of slabs (US$5), ease of building and its modest contribution to food security in a country with chronic food shortages. Promotion techniques included demonstration and crop trials through model farmers, use of PHAST methodology for education and empowerment, and provision of tree seedlings. This paper discusses the factors leading to success and concludes that the Arborloo is well suited to Ethiopian culture.

History

School

  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Research Unit

  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

Published in

WEDC Conference

Citation

SIMPSON-HEBERT, M. and ABAIRE, B., 2009. 40,000 eco-toilets in Ethiopia in 4 years: what makes it work?. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Water, sanitation and hygiene - Sustainable development and multisectoral approaches: Proceedings of the 34th WEDC International Conference, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 18-22 May 2009, 6p.p.

Publisher

© WEDC, Loughborough University

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2009

Notes

This is a conference paper.

Other identifier

WEDC_ID:13332

Language

en

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