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A bridge too far: an analysis of WASH KAP study from four Indian states

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conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018, 15:10 by Manbendra N. Ray, Ishaprasad Bhagwat, Asad Umar
In India though there has been improved WASH coverage in the last decade but yet only 35% of the population have access to drinking water within the premises and 600 million people continue to defecate in open. To understand challenges and analyze gaps in the knowledge and practices a facility survey and KAP study was conducted in one urban and three rural locations across four Indian states. The findings indicate that only 18% of the population have access to safe drinking water within premises, 86% of the population still practice open defecation and underlying causes are functional, physical and attitudinal barriers. Though there is improved awareness on key hygiene indicators, a huge gap remains in actual practices. A key finding indicates that 86 % of respondents are willing to construct toilet within households, which means people are willing to adopt improved practices if an enabling environment and required knowledge are ensured.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

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  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

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WEDC Conference


RAY, M.N. ... et al, 2014. A bridge too far: an analysis of WASH KAP study from four Indian states. IN: Shaw, R.J., Anh, N.V. and Dang, T.H. (eds). Sustainable water and sanitation services for all in a fast changing world: Proceedings of the 37th WEDC International Conference, Hanoi, Vietnam, 15-19 September 2014, 6pp.


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