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A comparison of ammonia measurements using fourier transform infrared and tuneable diode laser spectroscopy

conference contribution
posted on 19.01.2017, 12:19 by Nilton Li, Ashraf El-HamalawiAshraf El-Hamalawi, Richard Barrett, Andrew D. Wheatley, Jonathan Robinson
Current diesel engine after-treatment systems such as Selective Catalyst Reduction (SCR) use ammonia (NH3) to reduce Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) into Nitrogen (N2) and water. However, if the reaction between NH3 and NOx is unbalanced, it can lead either to NH3 or NOx being released into the environment. As NH3 is classified as a hazardous compound on the environment, its accurate measurement is essential. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) and Tuneable Diode Laser (TDL) spectroscopy are two of the methods that can measure raw emissions from engine exhaust pipes, especially NH3. However, it is difficult to suggest which method is the right one for measuring NH3 from engine exhausts. This paper compares the effectiveness of FTIR and TDL methods for NH3 measurement from diesel engine exhausts, based on tests conducted under well-controlled laboratory conditions. The concentration of NH3 from a diesel engine was measured under both a steady-state test cycle and a transient test cycle. The NH3 readings from FTIR and TDL were analysed, for comparison of precision, response time and their accuracy. It was shown that both techniques were suitable with attention to the different sampling procedures to avoid absorption.

History

School

  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Published in

International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition 2016

Volume

2016

Citation

LI, N. ... et al, 2016. A comparison of ammonia measurements using fourier transform infrared and tuneable diode laser spectroscopy. IN: Proceedings of ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE 2016), Phoenix, Arizona, USA, 11th-17th November 2016, IMECE2016-65454.

Publisher

© ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers)

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Acceptance date

14/03/2016

Publication date

2016

Notes

This paper is closed access.

Language

en

Location

Phoenix, Arizona, USA

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Keywords

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