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A normal driving based deceleration behaviour study towards autonomous vehicles

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conference contribution
posted on 09.08.2018, 13:04 by Stavroula P. Deligianni, Mohammed Quddus, Andrew MorrisAndrew Morris, Aaron AnvuurAaron Anvuur
Vehicle automation has recently attracted significant interest from the research community worldwide. Notwithstanding the remarkable development in autonomous vehicles (AVs), there is still a concern about the occupant's comfort since most research has mainly focused on the safety aspect. One of the most critical factors affecting the comfort level is the braking. It is however unclear which factors affect the braking behaviour and which braking profiles make the occupants feel safe and comfortable. This work therefore aims to thoroughly explore the deceleration behaviour of drivers using naturalistic driving study (NDS) data from two Field Operational Tests (FOT), the Pan-European TeleFOT (Field Operational Tests of Aftermarket and Nomadic Devices in Vehicles) project and the FOT conducted by Loughborough University and Nissan Ltd. A total of about 28 million observations were examined and almost 3,000 deceleration events from 37 different drivers and 174 different trips were identified and analysed. With the aid of a cluster analysis, a number of homogeneous scenarios based on human factors were formed. The scenarios have led to the application of multilevel mixed effect linear models to each cluster examining all influencing factors of the braking behaviour. The results indicate a dependence of the deceleration behaviour differing due to driver characteristics, initial speed and the reason for braking. Findings from this study will support vehicle manufacturers to ensure comfortable and safe braking operations of AVs

History

School

  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Published in

HUMANIST Conference 2018

Citation

DELIGIANNI, S.P. ... et al., 2018. A normal driving based deceleration behaviour study towards autonomous vehicles. IN: Van Nes, N. and Voegele, C. (eds.) Proceedings of The 6th Humanist Conference, The Hague, The Netherlands, June 13 and 14th.

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Acceptance date

31/07/2018

Publication date

2018

Notes

This is a conference paper.

ISBN

9782953171259

Language

en

Location

The Hague, The Netherlands