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A study of different loss of life based calculations on batteries operating in enhanced frequency response

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conference contribution
posted on 27.06.2019, 12:41 by Maria L.G. Nute, Dani StricklandDani Strickland, Mina Abedi-Varnosfaderani
© 2018 IEEE. National Grid are investigating battery energy storage as a solution to help with energy balancing for frequency control. They are currently looking at Enhanced Frequency Response (EFR) as a solution, but, are unlikely to adapt this directly as they investigate new, more open, market strategies. Battery Energy Storage is still an expensive asset and the opportunity to use a hybrid scheme (with new and second life batteries) offers a potential lower cost solution. Determining the life cycle of a battery energy storage system is complex, as this is a combination of several processes including cyclic and calendric aging. Determining life cycles of a hybrid system is even more complex. This paper discusses different ways of determining life span published in literature and uses a model based case study approach using National Grid published data on frequency and EFR envelopes to investigate the different range of theoretical loss of life within different battery system.



  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

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UPEC Proceedings - 2018 53rd International Universities Power Engineering Conference, UPEC 2018


NUTE, M.L.G., STRICKLAND, D. and ABEDI-VARNOSFADERANI, M., 2018. A study of different loss of life based calculations on batteries operating in enhanced frequency response. Presented at the 2018 53rd International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), Glasgow, 4-7 Sept. 2018.


© European Union. Published by IEEE


AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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