Activation schemes for synthetic inertia controller on wind turbines based on full rated converter
conference contributionposted on 04.06.2015, 11:05 authored by Francisco Gonzalez-Longatt
One of the challenges in future energy systems is the massive use of high power converters that decouple new energy sources from the AC power grid, disabling natural frequency response. This situation decreases the total system inertia affecting the ability of power system to overcome system frequency's disturbances. It has been established by the wind power industry a controller to enable inertial response on wind turbines generators (WTG) enabling the frequency response: Artificial, Emulated, Simulated, or Synthetic Inertia. However, there is a clear lack of knowledge about activation scheme used for these controllers and how they work in practical manner. This paper proposes two activation schemes for synthetic inertia controller on WTG based on full rated power converters (FRC): (i) under-frequency trigger and (ii) maximum-frequency gradient trigger. Simulations considering a test system are used for evaluation of the proposed activation schemes. The main contribution of this paper is the definition of two schemes to activate the synthetic inertia controller and the simulations results that demonstrate under-frequency trigger provides the best dynamic response in term of system frequency response.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering
- Centre for Renewable Energy Systems Technology (CREST)