Loughborough University
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Addressing human variability and work performance through an inclusive design method

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conference contribution
posted on 2018-08-08, 14:00 authored by A Hussain, Keith Case, Steve SummerskillSteve Summerskill, Russell MarshallRussell Marshall
Humans are vital in meeting production requirements in manufacturing systems, but performance is strongly influenced by factors including experience, age, skill, physical and cognitive abilities and atti-tudes towards work. Typical manufacturing system design processes do not adequately account for these variability issues and an ‘inclusive design’ approach is proposed to address the problem. The diversity of the global workforce is described and the importance of older workers as an increasingly larger propor-tion of the workforce is emphasised. The decline in physical capabilities of older workers creates a mis-match between job demands and working capabilities, and this is described in the context of assembly. An inclusive design approach based on the HADRIAN digital human modeling approach is proposed to offer a more productive, safe and healthy working environment. It is suggested that healthy and safe working conditions give benefits in terms of workforce satisfaction, reduced turnover, higher productivity and im-proved quality.



  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

Tenth International Conference on Manufacturing Research, ICMR 2012 'Advances in Manufacturing Technology XXVI', the Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Manufacturing Research, ICMR 2012




243 - 248 (6)


HUSSAIN, A. ... et al, 2012. Addressing human variability and work performance through an inclusive design method. IN: Baines, T., Clegg, B. and Harrison, D. (eds). Advances in Manufacturing Technology XXVI : Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Manufacturing Research (ICMR2012), Aston University, Birmingham, UK, September 11th–13th 2012. Vol. 1, pp. 243-248


ICMR (© the authors)


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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This is a conference paper.




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Aston University, Birmingham, UK