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After the pit is full: understanding latrine emptying in Fort Dauphin, Madagascar

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conference contribution
posted on 2018-02-12, 15:11 authored by Kathleen Kirsch, Rachel Hammersley-Mather
Faecal sludge management (FSM) remains a challenge for developing countries, particularly in urban areas. This study investigated the barriers to pit latrine emptying in the urban commune of Fort Dauphin, Madagascar through household surveys, focus groups, and key informant interviews. On average, three households were sharing each of the latrines in the study and 20.4% of observed latrines were full. This research established that while no cultural barriers to latrine emptying appear to exist, other challenges include space, finding an emptier, and cost. The rapidity of shared latrine filling, lack of hygienic emptying services, and the absence of faecal sludge disposal or management sites will hinder public health in Fort Dauphin. Affordable access to hygienic emptying and FSM are the forthcoming challenges for sanitation projects in high-density urban communes.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

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  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

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KIRSCH, K. and HAMMERSLEY-MATHER, R., 2017. After the pit is full: understanding latrine emptying in Fort Dauphin, Madagascar. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Local action with international cooperation to improve and sustain water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services: Proceedings of the 40th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK, 24-28 July 2017, Paper 2594, 6pp.


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