An experimental investigation of the heat transfer and energy storage characteristics of a latent heat thermal energy storage system with a vertically-oriented multi-pass tube heat exchanger for domestic hot water applications
conference contributionposted on 31.05.2019, 10:39 by Mohamed Fadl, Philip C. Eames
This paper presents the experimental performance analysis of a latent heat energy storage system (LHESS) designed for domestic hot water (DHW) applications. The designed, fabricated and characterised thermal store comprised of a vertically-oriented multi-pass tube heat exchanger in a rectangular cross-section container filled with PCM paraffin RT44HC. The experimental investigation evaluated the heat transfer within the system, measured the transient temperature distribution, determined the cumulative thermal energy stored, charging time and the instantaneous charging power. The experimental work was conducted under controlled experimental conditions using different heat transfer fluid (HTF) inlet temperatures and different volume flow rates for store charging. It was found that during charging process natural convection in the melt played a significant role. Higher HTF inlet temperature during charging significantly decreased store charging time. Increasing HTF inlet temperature from 60 to 70 oC shortened the charging time by 3.5 hours, a further increase to 80 oC decreased melting time by a further 2 hours.
The authors are grateful to the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) for funding this work through Grant reference EP/N021304/1.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering