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Barriers to shared sanitation cleaning and maintenance in Kampala Slums, Uganda

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conference contribution
posted on 2018-02-12, 15:11 authored by Japheth Kwiringira
While shared sanitation is the most viable sanitation option for slums, evidence shows that slum sanitation facilities are poorly used, not properly cleaned and poorly maintained. A cleaning observation was undertaken among households sharing latrines in Kampala slums over a period of six months. Results showed that non-compliance with cleaning schedules, many users, defaulting on shared cleaning commitments, abuse of user fees, dirty and unpaved surroundings, lack of water and cleaning materials; slum house owners and tenants wanting more rent and cheap housing respectively with none having interest in sustainable sanitation are key barriers in shared sanitation cleaning. Sustainable sanitation implies; affordability, improved welfare, poverty alleviation, shared values, norms, regulation and enforcement as well as improved service delivery. This paper explores barriers to effective shared latrine cleaning and maintenance in slums of Kampala city.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

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  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

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WEDC Conference


KWIRINGIRA, J., 2017. Barriers to shared sanitation cleaning and maintenance in Kampala Slums, Uganda. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Local action with international cooperation to improve and sustain water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services: Proceedings of the 40th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK, 24-28 July 2017, Paper 2618, 6pp.


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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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