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CLTS: lessons learnt from a pilot project in Timor Leste

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conference contribution
posted on 2018-02-12, 15:07 authored by Evelyn Noy, Max Kelly
Timor Leste, emerging from conflict ridden independence is one of the poorest countries in Asia, with major challenges in rebuilding infrastructure, particularly water and sanitation in rural areas. Community Led Total Sanitation is a relatively new approach to eliminate open defecation through community mobilisation and behaviour change, rather than subsidy and latrine construction. This paper discusses CLTS in the Timorese context, and highlights some key challenges in assessing the potential of CLTS to address sanitation issues. Some problems identified include a lack of coherence between the integration of water supply and sanitation, and the promotion of CLTS in isolation of any project activities that utilise any form of incentive or subsidy. The knock-on effect of the long term sustainability of latrine usage and maintenance CLTS is questioned unless further research clarifies the demand responsiveness of CLTS in conjunction with subsidy driven water supply.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

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  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

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NOY, E. and KELLY, M., 2009. CLTS: lessons learnt from a pilot project in Timor Leste. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Water, sanitation and hygiene - Sustainable development and multisectoral approaches: Proceedings of the 34th WEDC International Conference, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 18-22 May 2009, 8p.p.


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