Comparing the aerodynamic behaviour of real footballs to a smooth sphere using tomographic PIV
conference contributionposted on 16.06.2020, 10:15 by Matthew Ward, Martin Passmore, Adrian Spencer, Andy Harland, Henry Hanson, Tim Lucas
Many studies have investigated the forces acting on a football in flight and how these change with the introduction or modification of surface features; however, these rarely give insight into the underlying fluid mechanics causing these changes. In this paper, force balance and tomographic particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements were taken on a smooth sphere and a real Telstar18 football at a range of airspeeds. This was done under both static and spinning conditions utilizing a lower support through the vertical axis of the ball. It was found that the presence of the seams and texturing on the real ball were enough to cause a change from a reverse Magnus effect on the smooth ball to a conventional Magnus on the real ball in some conditions. The tomographic PIV data showed the traditional horseshoe-shaped wake structure behind the sphere and how this changed with the type of Magnus effect. It was found that the positioning of these vortices compared well with the measured side forces.
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
- Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering
- Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering