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Computational study of wake structure and base pressure on a generic SUV model

conference contribution
posted on 2015-11-16, 14:11 authored by David Forbes, Gary PageGary Page, Martin Passmore, Adrian P. Gaylard
A study has been made of the accuracy and efficiency of steady and unsteady CFD methodologies when applied to the flow around a scale model generic SUV. Comparisons are made, predominantly in the wake region, against PIV and surface pressure data. These include RANS, URANS, and DES solvers with CD-Adapco’s Star-CCM+ and the open source code, OpenFOAM alongside the Lattice-Boltzmann approach of Exa’s PowerFLOW. The deficiencies of using a steady state RANS methodology for an inherently unsteady flow are highlighted by inaccuracies in the base surface pressures and locations of the wake vortex structures. Time dependent DES and LES approaches present the closest match to the experimental data, but these methods come with the highest cost. Variations across codes employing the same solvers are restricted to computational cost and not solution accuracy.


This work was supported by Jaguar Land Rover and the UK-EPSRC grant EP/K014102/1 as part of the jointly funded Programme for Simulation Innovation.



  • Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering


  • Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering

Published in

International Vehicle Aerodynamics Conference 2014


FORBES, D. ...et al., 2014. Computational study of wake structure and base pressure on a generic SUV model. IN: International Vehicle Aerodynamics Conference 2014, Loughborough University, 14-15th Oct.


Published by Woodhead Press


  • SMUR (Submitted Manuscript Under Review)

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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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Loughborough University

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