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Correlating surface water flood damages in three Indonesia cities [Abstract]

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conference contribution
posted on 2021-07-26, 09:04 authored by Matthew Farnham, Vivian Camacho-Suarez, Alistair MilneAlistair Milne, John HillierJohn Hillier, Dapeng YuDapeng Yu, Louise Slater, Laura Whyte, Avinoam Baruch

Despite a high growth rate of over 5%, the insurance penetration rate in Indonesia is low, at roughly 2.77 percent and is one of the least developed insurance market among ASEAN economies. A primary explanation for the lack of motivation for taking up insurance is due to the lack of understanding of the multitude of risks from natural hazards the Indonesian market faces, principally of flooding. The purpose of this research is to assess the flood correlation between three of the major cities (Jakarta, Semarang, and Solo) on the island of Java. These highly populated and financial centres of Indonesia are most prone to the rainfall extremes during the Monsoon Season (November – March), many of which causes flooding. All the historical rainfall events were extracted from ECMWF’s ERA-5 hourly rainfall dataset (1979 – 2018). The top 10 events for each city were selected based on peak rainfall intensity. For the selected events in a city, rainfall records of the same period were extracted for the other two cities. This results in 30 simulations per city. Using a 2D hydraulic modelling tool (FloodMap), surface water flood footprints were generated for the events. In the absence of depth-damage curves, the number of buildings flooded under each event were used as an approximation to building damages. Damage to buildings due to surface water flooding in Solo and Semarang were found to be most correlated, with a significant number of buildings flooded in both cities in 15 out of the 20 paired events. Solo and Jakarta show some correlation (7 out of 20) whilst flooding in Semarang and Jakarta are least correlated (4 out of 20). This study is an initial analysis relevant to the modelling of catastrophes in a relatively data sparse environment, providing an approximation of the correlation of flooding between three Indonesian cities. Further studies are required to develop pragmatic approaches to complement catastrophe modelling that integrate the spatial correlation between flood damages in cities.



  • Social Sciences and Humanities


  • Geography and Environment

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Proceedings of the EGU General Assembly 2020


EGU General Assembly


Copernicus GmbH


  • VoR (Version of Record)

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© The authors

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This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Copernicus under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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  • en



Event dates

4th May 2020 - 8th May 2020


Dr John Hillier. Deposit date: 26 July 2021

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