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Damping effects introduced by a nonlinear vibration absorber in automotive drivelines at idle engine speeds

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conference contribution
posted on 08.06.2016, 14:08 authored by Kelly Savva, Ahmed Haris, Eliot Motato, Mahdi Mohammadpour, Stephanos TheodossiadesStephanos Theodossiades, Homer Rahnejat, P. Kelly, A.F. Vakakis, L.A. Bergman, D.M. McFarland
Legislation on vehicle emissions and the requirements for fuel efficiency are currently the key development driving factors in the automotive industry. Research activities to comply with these targets point to engine downsizing and new boosting technologies, which have adverse effects on the NVH performance, durability and component life. As a consequence of engine downsizing, substantial torsional oscillations are generated due to high combustion pressures. Meanwhile, to attenuate torsional vibrations, the manufacturers have implemented absorbers that are tuned to certain frequency ranges, including clutch dampers, Dual Mass Flywheel (DMF) and centrifugal pendulum dampers. These devices add mass/inertia to the system, potentially introducing negative effects on other vehicle attributes, such as weight, driving performance and gear shiftability. This paper provides a study of torsional damping effects of nonlinear vibration absorbers on drivetrain NVH refinement by attenuating torsional oscillations at the idling engine speeds. The nonlinear absorber concept presented operates on the principle of Targeted Energy Transfer (TET), whereby the energy excess (vibration) from a donor (primary powertrain system) is transferred to a receiver (nonlinear absorber) in a nearly irreversible manner. Thereafter, the received energy can be absorbed, dissipated, or redistributed. This potentially allows the absorber to operate over a broadband frequency range, whilst being light and compact, which is ideal for automotive powertrains. In the present work, simulations are performed using an automotive drivetrain (subsystem) model with a nonlinear absorber. The damping content of the absorber is varied to study its effect on the attenuation of torsional oscillations.

Funding

The authors wish to express their gratitude to the EPSRC for the financial support extended to the “Targeted energy transfer in powertrains to reduce vibration-induced energy losses” Grant (EP/L019426/1), under which this research was carried out. Thanks are also due to Ford Motor Company and Raicam Clutch for their technical support.

History

School

  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

9th International Styrian Noise, Vibration & Harshness Congress: The European Automotive Noise Conference

Citation

SAVVA, K. ... et al., 2016. Damping effects introduced by a nonlinear vibration absorber in automotive drivelines at idle engine speeds. SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-1765, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-01-1765.

Publisher

© SAE International

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Acceptance date

01/01/2016

Publication date

2016

Notes

This conference paper was published in the Proceedings of the 9th International Styrian Noise, Vibration & Harshness Congress: The European Automotive Noise Conference, Graz, Austria, 22-24 June, 7pp. [© SAE International]

Language

en

Location

Graz, Austria

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