Mathieu_J_L_-_101.pdf (710.06 kB)
Download file

Design strategies and preliminary prototype for a low-cost arsenic removal system for rural Bangladesh

Download (710.06 kB)
conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018, 15:09 by Johanna Mathieu, Ashok Gadgil, K. Kowolik, S. Qazi, A.M. Agogino
Researchers have invented a material called ARUBA Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash that effectively and affordably removes arsenic from Bangladesh groundwater. Through analysis of studies across a range of disciplines, observations, and informal interviews conducted over three trips to Bangladesh, we have applied mechanical engineering design methodology to develop eight key design strategies, which were used in the development of a lowcost, communityscale water treatment system that uses ARUBA to remove arsenic from drinking water. We have constructed, tested, and analysed a scale version of the system. Experiments have shown that the system is capable of reducing high levels of arsenic (nearly 600 ppb) to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb, while remaining affordable to people living on less than US$2/day. The system could be sustainably implemented as a public-private partnership in rural Bangladesh.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Research Unit

  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

Published in

WEDC Conference


MATHIEU, J. ... et al, 2009. Design strategies and preliminary prototype for a low-cost arsenic removal system for rural Bangladesh. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Water, sanitation and hygiene - Sustainable development and multisectoral approaches: Proceedings of the 34th WEDC International Conference, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 18-22 May 2009, 8p.p.


© WEDC, Loughborough University


VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at:

Publication date



This is a conference paper.

Other identifier




Usage metrics