Final_Paper_CB_GP_DoB_JP.pdf (462.64 kB)
Download file

Dynamic response of rigid wheels on deformable terrains

Download (462.64 kB)
conference contribution
posted on 04.05.2016, 11:23 authored by Chrysostomos Bekakos, George Papazafeiropoulos, Daniel O'BoyDaniel O'Boy, Jan Prins
Off-road vehicle performance, such as vehicle mobility, maneuverability, and traction performance is generally affected by the pneumatic tyre-off-road terrain interaction. Modelling of such cases is usually based on empirical and semi-empirical solutions, which have limited applicability in real situations due to their inherent weaknesses. In this study, numerical simulation of the dynamic mobility of a rigid wheel on a deformable terrain is performed through a series of transient nonlinear dynamic finite element analyses with the use of the finite element code ABAQUS (v. 6.13). The dynamic interaction of a rigid wheel with the underlying soil during off-road vehicle travel is simulated. The effects of the vertical load carried by the wheel, the tread pattern, the longitudinal and lateral tread parameters, and the slip ratio of the wheel on the wheel performance are investigated and useful results are extracted. The numerical results reveal that the effects of the tread pattern, particularly tread depth and the terrain constitutive properties, such as soil cohesion can be of high importance for the general wheel response.


This work was supported by Jaguar Land Rover and the UK-EPSRC grant EP/K014102/1 as part of the jointly funded Programme for Simulation Innovation.



  • Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering


  • Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering

Published in

13th European Conference of the International Society for Terrain-Vehicle Systems, ISTVS


BEKAKOS, C.-A. ... et al, 2015. Dynamic response of rigid wheels on deformable terrains. IN: Proceedings of the 13th European Conference of the International Society for Terrain-Vehicle Systems,21st-23rd October 2015, Rome, Italy.


© International Society for Terrain-Vehicle Systems


AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at:

Acceptance date


Publication date



This is a conference paper.






Rome, Italy

Usage metrics