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Evaluation of household drinking water filter distribution programmes in Haiti

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conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018, 15:11 by Justine Rayner, A. Murray, A. Branz, M. Joseph, Daniele Lantagne
Household water treatment can reduce diarrhoeal disease in populations without safe water access. We evaluated five programmes that distributed biosand, ceramic, or Sawyer household water filters in Haiti after the 2010 earthquake. We conducted household surveys, collected water samples, and tested water quality at ~50 houses from each programme. Across programmes, self-reported filter use ranged from 27-78%; confirmed use (met reported use and showed the filter with water in it) ranged from 20-76%; and, effective use (stored water quality was improved to international guideline values using the filter) ranged from 0-54%. More successful programmes: 1) distributed an effective technology; 2) provided safe storage; 3) required cash investment; 4) provided initial training; 5) provided follow-up; 6) provided supply-chain access; 7) targeted households relying on contaminated water sources; and, 8) had experience working in the local context. These findings suggest that well implemented programmes can result in sustained filter use in Haiti.

History

School

  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Research Unit

  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

Published in

WEDC Conference

Citation

RAYNER, J. ... et al, 2016. Evaluation of household drinking water filter distribution programmes in Haiti. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Ensuring availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all: Proceedings of the 39th WEDC International Conference, Kumasi, Ghana, 11-15 July 2016, Briefing paper 2462, 5pp.

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© WEDC, Loughborough University

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2016

Notes

This is a conference paper.

Other identifier

WEDC_ID:22505

Language

en

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