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Evolution of faecal sludge chemical and physical characteristics during drying

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conference contribution
posted on 13.11.2018, 10:08 by Santiago Septien Stringel, Simon Mirara, Blessing Makununika, Anusha Singh, Jon Pocock, Konstantina Velkushanova, Christopher Buckley
The effect of drying on faecal sludge chemical and physical properties for its reuse as agricultural product and biofuel was explored in this investigation. The nutrient content, calorific value and thermal properties were determined for faecal sludge samples dried at different moisture contents, in two different drying apparatus, one based on convective drying and the other on infrared drying. The results show that the nutrient content and calorific value were not affected during drying. On the contrary, drying modified the chemical form of nitrogen in the sludge, by binding it more tightly to the solid structure. Moreover, drying led to the increase of the thermal diffusivity, which improves its quality as biofuel by enhancing its ability to conduct heat. Faecal sludge, after being dried, could be used in agriculture as an organic fertilizer of slow nitrogen and phosphorous release, and as a biofuel with similar characteristics than wood.

Funding

The authors would like to extend thanks to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and Water Research Commission for funding this project

History

School

  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Research Unit

  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

Published in

Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference

Pages

? - ? (6)

Citation

SEPTIEN STRINGEL, S. ... et al., 2018. Evolution of faecal sludge chemical and physical characteristics during drying. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya, 9-13 July 2018, Paper 3012, 6 pp.

Publisher

© WEDC, Loughborough University

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2018

Notes

This is a conference paper.

Language

en

Location

Nakuru, Kenya

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