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Faecal sludge emptying services in Trinidad

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conference contribution
posted on 2018-02-12, 15:11 authored by Shervon Ifill, Sam Kayaga
Onsite sanitation facilities meet the sanitation needs of 2.7 billion people worldwide. In Trinidad and Tobago (T&T) 70% of the population needs are met by on-site sanitation facilities which are predominantly toilets draining to septic tanks. Using a case study methodology, a study was conducted in 2016 to explore how faecal sludge emptying services are conducted in T&T. Main findings included (i) both public and private emptying providers’ had an equal chance of being hired in Trinidad; (ii) lack of safe/adequate faecal sludge disposal facilities and frequent truck downtime were the main challenges for public FS emptying providers; and (iii) the two main factors for customer satisfaction are clean-up after the emptying operation, and ability to completely empty the tank. A vital recommendation is the need to identify and commission a sector leading organisation which will champion sanitation policies and strategies; and provide an enabling environment for other stakeholders.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

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  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

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IFILL, S. and KAYAGA, S., 2017. Faecal sludge emptying services in Trinidad. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Local action with international cooperation to improve and sustain water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services: Proceedings of the 40th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK, 24-28 July 2017, Paper 2813, 6pp.


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