Nyirenda-2257.pdf (330.79 kB)
Download file

Faecal sludge management in peri-urban Malawi: investigating the policy gaps

Download (330.79 kB)
conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018, 15:10 by Daniel C. Nyirenda, Rochelle Holm
Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) in peri-urban settlements of most developing countries has gained recent attention. This is due to rapid urbanisation resulting in the mushrooming of informal settlements and onsite household sanitation facilities where there is a lack of sewer systems. A number of initiatives aimed at improving FSM have been reported in South Africa, Uganda, Senegal, Mali, Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso. Yet, the main focus in these countries has been emptying and disposal/treatment of faecal sludge. Little has been done on policy formulation to guide stakeholders on what should be done at each stage of the sanitation chain. This paper identifies the complementarities and antagonisms of existing pieces of legislation pulling lessons learned from other countries and how it applies to Malawi. The work also proposes Faecal Sludge Management Policy criteria for Mzuzu City Council in Northern Malawi and other similar situations worldwide.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Research Unit

  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

Published in

WEDC Conference


NYIRENDA, D.C. and HOLM, R., 2015. Faecal sludge management in peri-urban Malawi: investigating the policy gaps. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Water, sanitation and hygiene services beyond 2015 - Improving access and sustainability: Proceedings of the 38th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK, 27-31 July 2015, 6pp.


© WEDC, Loughborough University


VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date



This is a conference paper.

Other identifier




Usage metrics