Loughborough University
Norman-R-1230.pdf (211.79 kB)

Fifty years of monitoring and evaluation - from before Drawers of water to beyond the MDGs

Download (211.79 kB)
conference contribution
posted on 2018-02-12, 15:08 authored by Rachel Norman, Richard Franceys
Whether we benchmark, assess or monitor against a set of indices, indicators or selection criteria and whether we use a framework, matrix or personal judgement, everyday life is enveloped by the compelling need for measurement and accountability. This paper provides a synopsis of the evolution of the monitoring landscape existing within the WASH sector. The aim of the paper is to reflect and provoke discussion and debate on the complex, dispersed and multi-system environment that has been created over the years. It does not however, quantify the level and changing use of each of the approaches, applications or selection criteria available around the world today. Neither does it quantify or qualify the impact. However, concluding questions of whether the “pendulum has swung too far” and “is there a need for simplification and some level of standardisation” remain paramount.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Research Unit

  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

Published in

WEDC Conference


NORMAN, R. and FRANCEYS, R., 2011. Fifty years of monitoring and evaluation - from before Drawers of water to beyond the MDGs. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). The future of water, sanitation and hygiene in low-income countries - Innovation, adaptation and engagement in a changing world: Proceedings of the 35th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK, 6-8 July 2011, 4p.p.


© WEDC, Loughborough University


  • VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date



This is a conference paper.

Other identifier



  • en

Usage metrics

    WEDC 35th International Conference


    No categories selected