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Formulation of water and sanitation policies and strategies: experiences from Rwanda

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conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018, 15:11 by Murtaza Malik, Marcelline Kayitesi, A. Muzola, E. Nuwamanya, F. Nteziyaremye, G. Musabyimana, E. Hategekimana, J.M. Rutaganda
This paper describes the process of formulation of Rwanda’s National Water Supply and Sanitation Policies and Strategies, which were approved by the Cabinet in December 2016. The major steps in the process included conceptualisation (preparation of a concept note and work plan); constitution of a dedicated task force to oversee the process; engagement of international consultants; literature review and information collection; preparation of background papers; stakeholders’ consultations; preparation of draft polices and strategies; review and quality assurance by the sector working group and the task force; consensus building; finalisation and approval. The process spanned almost two years and cost approximately US$ 170,000, including the cost of external consultants and stakeholders’ consultations. The case of Rwanda provides valuable lessons for other countries that plan to update their national water and sanitation policies and strategies in view of changes in the context and emerging issues and to ensure alignment with the SDGs.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

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  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)


MALIK, M. ... et al, 2017. Formulation of water and sanitation policies and strategies: experiences from Rwanda. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Local action with international cooperation to improve and sustain water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services: Proceedings of the 40th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK, 24-28 July 2017, Paper 2715, 5pp.


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