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Groundwater for rural water supply in the Rift Valley

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conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018, 15:09 by Getachew Alem
Groundwater potential in Ethiopia is estimated at approximately 1.6 million cubic meters. Quite a small portion of this resource is presently developed in the rural areas, the limitation being prohibitively high initial development cost. Already developed groundwater sources are used primarily for drinking water supply. It offers access to safe water for approximately 40-80 per cent of the water supply provided to the urban population, and it is the largest fresh water source in the country. Despite the high initial cost, groundwater is increasingly becoming an important source of drinking water supply in Ethiopia. The drought in 1984/85 in Ethiopia inflicted heavy losses both in human and livestock population. In response to this drought, Catholic Relief Services (CRS) and Lay Voluntary International Association (LVIA) jointly drilled and equipped a total of 50 wells between 1986 and 1997 in the rift valley areas. This paper presents a preliminary assessment of the hydrology, water quality and the usefulness of these wells.

History

School

  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Research Unit

  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

Published in

WEDC Conference

Citation

ALEM, G., 1998. Groundwater for rural water supply in the Rift Valley. IN: Pickford, J. (ed). Sanitation and water for all: Proceedings of the 24th WEDC International Conference, Islamabad, Pakistan, 31 August-4 September 1998, pp.283-286.

Publisher

© WEDC, Loughborough University

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

1998

Notes

This is a conference paper.

Other identifier

WEDC_ID:12020

Language

en

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