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Groundwater vulnerability to geogenic contaminants: a case study, Tanzania

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conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018, 15:10 authored by Michael Shedafa
Groundwater quality is in most cases influenced by geogenic contaminants, which include arsenic, fluoride, salinity, iron and hardness. The main factors behind the natural occurrence of these constituents in groundwater are geologic settings and types of rocks. In Tanzania, the main sources of fluoride in groundwater are the volcanic ashes caused by rifting of the East African Rift System (EARS). During a field survey in Tanzania, primary and secondary data were collected. Fluoride concentrations were measured by SPADNS Colorimetric method and arsenic by Wagtech Kit. Higher median fluorides were recorded in Shinyanga (2.9 mg/L), Arusha (1.2 mg/L), Singida (1.1 mg/L), and Mwanza Region (1.5 mg/L). All water samples indicated arsenic concentration below the WHO guideline value of 10 μg/L. Excessive salinity in terms of Total Dissolved Solids ranging from 60 to 11300 mg/L, were recorded in Singida, Dar es Salaam, and Kilimanjaro Regions.

History

School

  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Research Unit

  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

Published in

WEDC Conference

Citation

SHEDAFA, M. and JOHNSTON, R.B., 2013. Groundwater vulnerability to geogenic contaminants: a case study, Tanzania. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Delivering water, sanitation and hygiene services in an uncertain environment: Proceedings of the 36th WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya, 1-5 July 2013, 6pp.

Publisher

© WEDC, Loughborough University

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2013

Notes

This is a conference paper.

Other identifier

WEDC_ID:20828

Language

en

Editor(s)

Johnston, Richard B.

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