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Improving the quality of public toilet services in Kumasi, Ghana

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conference contribution
posted on 2018-02-12, 15:11 authored by Rebecca Craig, Georges Mikhael, Issaka B. Musah
While household access to private toilets is the long-term goal in Kumasi, Ghana, it is still far from reality. As a result, large proportions of the city’s population – particularly those living in low-income communities – will remain reliant on public toilets for many years to come. Standards in these facilities are often very low, and inadequate for the needs of some vulnerable groups. To improve standards, WSUP is supporting the Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly (KMA) through diverse but complementary activities including A) training of the owners and operators of public toilet blocks, B) training of Environmental Health Officers to better monitor standards in public toilet blocks, and C) working with the private sector to construct and run new facilities to meet medium-term demand. This paper outlines that there is much to be positive about regarding sanitation in Kumasi, with the potential for this model of public toilet service improvement to be expanded across urban centres in Ghana.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

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  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

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WEDC Conference


CRAIG, R. ... et al, 2016. Improving the quality of public toilet services in Kumasi, Ghana. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Ensuring availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all: Proceedings of the 39th WEDC International Conference, Kumasi, Ghana, 11-15 July 2016, Briefing paper 2441, 6pp.


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