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Improving water services: utility-small water enterprise partnerships

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conference contribution
posted on 05.06.2006, 10:18 by Cyrus Njiru
THIS PAPER IS based on current WEDC research on small water enterprises (SWEs), whose purpose is to identify and test constraints, opportunities and strategies for enabling small water-providing enterprises to deliver an acceptable water service to poor urban consumers. The paper provides some background and brief information on utilities and SWEs, and outlines typical constraints faced by SWEs in their operations. The paper then looks at the rationale for developing viable mechanisms through which water utilities could form mutually beneficial partnerships with SWEs for the benefit of customers, and explores potential opportunities and interventions that can enable SWEs to provide affordable good quality water services to customers while at the same time providing benefit to the water utilities. The aim of the proposed Utility-SWE partnerships is to improve water services to customers in informal urban settlements of developing countries, while meeting the objectives of water utilities and SWEs.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

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  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

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WEDC Conference


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NJIRU, C., 2003. Improving water services: utility-small water enterprise partnerships. IN: Harvey, P. (ed). Towards the millennium development goals - Actions for water and environmental sanitation: Proceedings of the 29th WEDC International Conference, Abuja, Nigeria, 22-26 September 2003, pp. 263-266.


© WEDC, Loughborough University

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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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This is a conference paper.

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