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Integrated water and sanitation life skills approaches: the Zambian case study

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conference contribution
posted on 2018-02-12, 15:08 authored by Edwin Adenya
The rationale of every education system ensures that all children access quality basic learning. Life skills education has not been fully integrated in formal basic education curricular. The approach is so broad; it cannot be encapsulated in few subjects. Investment into Water Sanitation and Hygiene Education (WASHE) has been limited. Curative health measures have superseded preventive services. Life Skills education is commonly relegated to additional activities after the completion of the formal curriculum. Psycho-social skills have been equally ignored. This should not be the trend. This paper mentions the major approaches to WASHE Life Skills used in primary schools in Zambia and outlines a new approach used in a case study in Zambia. A blend of what is feasible is suggested. The proposed approach is learner centred, interactive and participatory aimed at reinforcing existing knowledge, positive attitudes, and socially healthy skills.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Research Unit

  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

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WEDC Conference


ADENYA, E., 2009. Integrated water and sanitation life skills approaches: the Zambian case study. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Water, sanitation and hygiene - Sustainable development and multisectoral approaches: Proceedings of the 34th WEDC International Conference, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 18-22 May 2009, 5p.p.


© WEDC, Loughborough University


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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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This is a conference paper. This paper has previously been given the alternative title of "A comparative analysis of WASHE life skills approaches for primary schools in Zambia."

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  • en

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