investigating-perceived-meanings-and-scopes-of-design-for-additive-manufacturing.pdf (564.93 kB)
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Investigating perceived meanings and scopes of Design for Additive Manufacturing

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conference contribution
posted on 18.08.2021, 14:41 authored by Aurora Berni, Yuri Borgianni, Martins Obi, Patrick PradelPatrick Pradel, Richard BibbRichard Bibb
The concept of Design for Additive Manufacturing (DfAM) is gaining popularity along with AM, despite its scopes are not well established. In particular, in the last few years, DfAM methods have been intuitively subdivided into opportunistic and restrictive. This distinction is gaining traction despite a lack of formalization. In this context, the paper investigates experts' understanding of DfAM. In particular, the authors have targeted educators, as the perception of DfAM scopes in the future will likely depend on teachers' view. A bespoke survey has been launched, which has been answer by 100 worldwide-distributed respondents. The gathered data has undergone several analyses, markedly answers to open questions asking for individual definitions of DfAM, and evaluations of the pertinence of meanings and acceptations from the literature. The results show that the main DfAM aspects focused on by first standardization attempts have been targeted, especially products, processes, opportunities and constraints. Beyond opportunistic and restrictive nuances, DfAM different understandings are characterized by different extents of cognitive endeavor, convergence vs. divergence in the design process, theoretical vs. hands on approaches.



  • Design and Creative Arts


  • Design

Published in

Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design






23rd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED 21)


Cambridge University Press


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© The Authors

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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.

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Gothenburg, Sweden

Event dates

16th August 2021 - 20th August 2021


Dr Patrick Pradel. Deposit date: 7 July 2021